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Japan was continuously damaged. by the [act of aggression] and [distorted history], from S.Korea. I seek the truth, while tracking the anti-Japan of liar, expose the history distortion by anti-Japan. The South Korean government hides the truth of history. Korean school educates the history of the imitation. The Korean who criticized the imitation history by Korea was punished for a law of Korea. Therefore, Korea is a country with a great many falsehood and false evidence. Everyone, please do not be fooled into whether South Korea. Japanese language article: http://blog.livedoor.jp/yngvi_frey/  Yngvi Frey

Truth history of Korea

[Crime of Korean] "Your husband is the SATAN" "Call me GOD." - A neighbor is murdered with a sharp long edged tool(Samurai-sword) by South Koreans' Young Choi of a psychiatric disorder.

[Crime of Korean]"Your husband is the SATAN" "Call me GOD." A neighbor is murdered with a sharp long edged tool(Samurai-sword) by South Koreans' Young Choi of a psychiatric disorder.

South Koreans' crime

Crime time:
June 19, 2014 Around 4:50 p.m.

Young Choi(a South Korean male), 29

Young Choi, has been charged with first-degree intentional homicide in the attack that killed Mr. Dustin Vanderheyden by a sharp long edged tool.

The result of investigation of the police:
suspect Young Choi calls himself "GOD".
Suspect Young Choi had said to victims' wife, "your husband is the SATAN" and "The whole creation wishes 'wants me to kill him'".

[USA Hankook Ilbo] A psychiatric disorder South Korean, neighbor murder by edged tool.

2014-06-21 Hankook Ilbo

The South Korean man of twenties by whom a psychiatric disorder is suspected, he was arrested on the suspicion which stabbed the residents of the neighboring house with the long samurai edged tool and murdered them cruelly.

Choi(29) who lives in Watertown in Wisconsin according to the information from the Wisconsin criminal investigation...

With the sword, Choi resisted the mobilized police and he was arrested.
Results of an investigation of the police. Choi calls himself "God", and, had said to victims' wife, "your husband is the Satan, The whole creation wishes me to kill him."

(Hankook Ilbo, Koreatimes) South Korean language

(cache) http://megalodon.jp/2014-0808-0023-33/www.koreatimes.com/article/860502

'Call me God': Man 'partially scalped and stabbed to death' by Samurai sword-wielding man who wanted to steal his wife

21 June 2014 The Daily Mail

Young Choi, 29, was arrested and charged with first-degree homicide in the death if his neighbor
●Dustin Vanderheyden, 27, died of multiple stab wounds Thursday
●He was allegedly partially scalped and stabbed by Choi with a Samurai sword at the boarding house where they live
In the days leading up to the attack, Choi had told Vanderheyden's wife that he was going to kill Vanderheyden so they could be together
●She told police that she had convinced him otherwise and didn't think he was a danger
●He had also been making statements about being God and told police to call him 'God'
●Another man was injured trying to stop Choi

By Alex Greig
Published: 14:08 GMT, 21 June 2014 | Updated: 14:44 GMT, 21 June 2014

A Wisconsin man has allegedly attacked two people with a Samurai sword in the boarding house-style building where they all lived, partially scalping and killing one of them.
Young Choi, 29, has been charged with first-degree intentional homicide in the attack that killed Dustin Vanderheyden, 27, and wounded David Gerard, 24.
The attack happened outside an apartment above Yanger's Bar on North 4th Street in Watertown on Thursday around 5pm.

Sword attack: South Korean Young Choi, 29, allegedly killed Dustin Vanderheyden, 27, and injured another man in a frenzied attack at the boarding house where they liveSword attack: Young Choi, 29, allegedly killed Dustin Vanderheyden, 27, and injured another man in a frenzied attack at the boarding house where they live

Vanderheyden was stabbed multiple times and Gerard was injured in the incident, which ended in a stand-off between Watertown police and Choi, who finally surrendered after police brought in a negotiator.
According to the Journal-Sentinel, Choi had told Vanderheyden's wife in the days preceding the attack that he was going to kill Vanderheyden so that he could have her for himself.
The woman told police that she persuaded Choi that the pair couldn't be together and that she didn't think he was any danger.
Court documents state that Choi had made 'bizarre statements all week long about being God,' and upon his arrest told police that officers could call him 'God.'

Violent end: Vanderheyden died of his injuries in hospital after being stabbed multiple times in the abdomen.
Envy: Court documents state that Choi had tried to convince Vanderheyden's wife to leave him to be with Choi.

An hour before the attack, a third resident from the building heard hysterical yelling, reports Channel 3000, and found Vanderheyden in Choi's apartment.
He told police that Vanderheyden told him he had 'saved him,' and that Choi was 'crazy.'
During the attack, Gerard, a tenant on the first floor of the building, heard Vanderheyden screaming for help and went upstairs to investigate.
He thought Choi was hitting Vanderheyden with a stick, but realized it was a Samurai sword when he reached out to grab it, suffering lacerations to his hand and thumb.
There was hair and blood on the floors and walls, and Choi was repeatedly asking Vanderheyden, 'Who's God?'

Neighbor's quarrel: The attack occurred at the boarding house accommodation above Yanger's Pub, where Choi, Vanderheyden and his wife lived.
Injured: Gerard received four stitches in his hand after trying to grab Choi's sword from him.
Police found Choi on the top of a stairwell leading to the second floor. Officers negotiated with the man and he eventually surrendered.
Vanderheyden was found with several stab wounds on the second floor. He was rushed to Watertown Regional Medical Center and went in to surgery but died of his injuries.
Choi was calm when police took him into custody.
When he was questioned, he said, 'What do you want me to tell you? Want me to say I feel bad about it? Are you checking my humanistic nature? Checking all my psychological bounds? Or am I just a ruthless killer?' according to court documents.
Two other swords were found in Choi's apartment in the boarding house.
Gerard received stitches for his injuries in hospital and was released. He told WISN that he's upset no one else went to help Vanderheyden during the attack.
'I mean, there's a bunch of people living in a small space and the guy was screaming,' he said.

'In hindsight, I know I did everything I could in the situation but now that (Vanderheyden) died, I'm second-guessing things with myself.'

The Daily Mail


Wisconsin man dies after crazed sword attack at apartment
Police arrested Young J. Choi, 29, on Thursday night for the death of Dustin Vanderheyden, 27, at a Watertown boarding house. He died during surgery after he was maimed with a sword.

BY Nicole Hensley,
Saturday, June 21, 2014, 7:29 PM

WATERTOWN PD Police arrested Young J. Choi in charges related to the stabbing death of his neighbor during a crazed rant about evil and God.

A week-long rant on aliens, God and evil ended with a Wisconsin man stabbing his neighbor to death over the man’s wife, police say.

Officers took Young J. Choi, 29, into custody on Thursday night after he allegedly killed a neighbor with a long, decorative sword and zealously told people to call him God, according to a Watertown police report.

Choi is charged with homicide in the death of his neighbor, Dustin Vanderheyden, 27, during bloody assault at their boarding house over a bar.

The criminal complaint details how a brave neighbor tried to stop Choi from attacking Vanderheyden. David Gerard, 24, tried to grab the sword with his bare hand, but he didn’t realize it was a sharp weapon. He had cuts and lacerations to his hand.

Vanderheyden helped his neighbors evade the crazed and violent outburst, but he was seriously injured in the attack and died during surgery. He had stabbing injuries all over his body and an avulsion to his head, court documents show.

There was blood and hair everywhere,” neighbor Eric Pann told dispatchers during the 911 call.

Pann hid in a bathroom as Vanderheyden repeatedly screamed: “I’m sorry. I’m sorry.”

Choi then barged in on the hiding spot and declared he stabbed Vanderheyden as he washed the blood off the weapon, the police report said.
DusanVulic The suspect allegedly used a long, decorative sword such as a samurai-styled weapon in the stabbing of Dustin Vanderheyden in Watertown, Wisconsin.

The neighbors later saw Vanderheyden crawl away from the assault, leaving a trail of blood. The violence may have stemmed from a conversation earlier that week when Choi asked Vanderheyden’s wife to leave him because he was evil, but she refused.

She convinced Choi not to confront Vanderheyden and believed he was fine at the time.

He continued to rant about his evil neighbors and other supernatural forces, but neighbors assumed he was drunk, according to the Journal Sentinel newspaper.

When medics rolled Vanderheyden out of the apartment complex on a gurney, he grabbed his wife’s hand and told her it would be okay, the newspaper reported.

His interview with police took a twisted turn when he called his actions “fate and destiny” and the universe was to blame for Vanderheyden’s death. Choi believed the officers were badgering him for a statement.

NY Daily News


 The related article of the same murder case

Man in sword attack told victim's wife he planned to kill - JSOnline


 Reference link:

Specific Asia 3 nations news》Crazy cult Korea(South Korea)

(cache)[South Korea] New Types of Mental Disorders at Dangerous Levels

(cache)[South Korea] 45% of the 20 Year-Old Male Have Possibilities of Personality Disorder

JPN CAO personnel was going entry into a country to South Korea of International terrorism nation for a duties, but he go missing in S-Korea. Then, his dead-body(Unnatural-death) was discovered within a "rubber boat(made in S-Korea)" which was adrift.

25aeac59.pngJapan Cabinet Office

Japan Cabinet Office(CAO) personnel was going entry into a country to South Korea of International terrorism nation for the duties, but he go missing in South Korea. Then, his dead-body(Unnatural-death) was discovered within the "rubber boat(made in South Korea)" which was adrift.

The Man(JAPAN Cabinet Office personnel) went missing in South Korea. then, him discovered by dead body in The offing of Kitakyushu. He owned Korean "a Won" in cash. The rubber boat which drifted was made in South Korea.

This dead body is an unnatural death.

In the winter Sea of Japan, a wave is intense, and also, in Tsushima Straits, a wave is rough in winter. a specialist told that it is impossible to sail across the "Sea of Japan" and the "Tsushima Straits" by rubber boat in general.
Therefore, it "he was carried by ship, and he was put on a rubber boat from the neighborhood of Japan" to estimated it.

This matter is the Asahi Shimbun/朝日新聞 conveyed the first report. However, the Asahi Shimbun is the Korean Peninsula and a newspaper publisher like "the destruction agent provocateur by Korean Peninsula" in the deep connection from old days. The Asahi Shimbun, the newspaper publisher which it is thoughtless and always considers about Korea, and spreads a false rumor for Korea. The Asahi Shimbun always covers the name of the South Korean criminal about a South Korean crime and also, conceals those a matter itself.

About the Asahi Shimbun leaking out information to the first, and have become a documented by a newspaper article, there is room for doubt. It might be a cooperation for the example of “those who go against our the country(Korea)” by Korean.

Currently, it is under investigation by Criminal Investigation.

Japanese Language Article:(産経新聞 12:50 February 1, 2014)

January 18, Hibikinada of Wakamatsu-ku, Kitakyushu.
Adrift rubber boat from South KoreaAdrift rubber boat from South Korea"
Wakamatsu Japan Coast Guard(JCG) announce

[case] A staff of Cabinet Office, corpse discovery. The Kitakyusyu offing, Korean Wong bill possession. Is it drifting in a boat?

It turned out on the 1st by the coverage to the 7th Regional JAPAN Coast Guard(JCG) Kitakyushu etc.. that the male staff member (30) of JAPAN Cabinet Office was discovered with the dead body in Hibiki Nada off Wakamatsu-ku, Kitakyushu-shi in January. It is concluded that it was adrift with the rubber dinghy.
He had possess "won" of South Korea with cash. and, adrift rubber boat is made in South Korea.

JCG has said that it "to investigate it", - it the cause of death, and, as to whether there is any an incident.

Map:Place of Bodies driftingMap:Place of Bodies drifting
Image 産経新聞

Japanese Language Article:NHK NEWS

JAPAN Cabinet Office official who died. Not leave a departure record from a South Korea.

22:08 February 1, 2014.
A rubber boat was doing drifting off the coast of Kitakyushu.
Last month(January), A rubber boat, it was drifting off the coast of Kitakyushu.
The man(Male staff of 30-year-old JAPAN Cabinet Office) who was missing after entering the country in South Korea. His dead body was discovered.
There is no conspicuous externally caused injury on the body.
According to the Record in departure from country of staff, he did not departure from South Korea.

Official found dead off Kyushu

KITAKYUSHU A member of the Cabinet Office was found dead last month in a dinghy off Kitakyushu, officials of the 7th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters said Saturday.

The body of the civil servant, aged 30, was clothed in a black jacket and found with South Korean currency notes after the dinghy was located close to concrete wave barriers on Jan. 20. There were no noticeable external injuries on the body.

The 3-meter-long dinghy, which had a motor, was made in South Korea, according to the coast guard.

The coast guard said the man’s death is under investigation and that it is unknown whether foul play was involved. Investigators said the man probably died before around Jan. 13.

The man, whose name was not released, had started to work for the Cabinet Office in April 2010. He had been studying at a graduate school in Minnesota since last July as a member of the Cabinet Office’s Economic and Social Research Institute.

In December, he requested that he take part in an economy-related conference in South Korea that took place in early January. The trip was approved as part of his official duties.

But the Cabinet Office said it cannot disclose whether he actually entered South Korea.

The coast guard said it received a call from a ship in the area at 9:45 a.m. on Jan. 18 that said “a man was lying down in a vinyl boat about 500 meters away from breakwaters.”

A coast guard patrol boat later spotted the boat, but it overturned in the rough seas.

English Language Article:
The Japan Timeshttp://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/02/02/national/official-found-dead-off-kyushu/

Cabinet Office official found dead in ocean off Kitakyushu

Kyodo News International February 2, 2014 10:17 February 2, 2014 10:17

A 30-year-old Cabinet Office official was found dead last month in the ocean off Kitakyushu, Fukuoka Prefecture, the Japan Coast Guard said Saturday.

According to the 7th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters in Kitakyushu, the coast guard received an emergency call on Jan. 18 saying a man's body was spotted in a rubber raft drifting off Kitakyushu. The raft eventually capsized in turbulent waters, and the coast guard recovered a male body from the ocean on Jan. 20.

The body was later confirmed to be that of the Cabinet Office official, who had been studying at a U.S. graduate school since last July and at some point in January was suppose to attend a conference in South Korea.

The Cabinet Office said it approved his application to attend an economic conference there but declined to comment on whether the man in fact had entered the country last month.

The man was carrying South Korean money, and the 3-meter raft with a motor was made in South Korea.


Copyright 2014 Kyodo News International.

English Language Article:

Isabella Bird - Korea & Her Neighbours/Chapter II (First edition: UK, 1898year.)

Korea & Her Neighbours/Chapter II(First edition: UK, 1898year.) - Isabella Lucy Bird Bishop

CHEMULPO, being on the island-studded estuary of the Han, which is navigable for the 56 miles up to Ma-pu, the river port of Seoul, it eventually occurred to some persons more enterprising than their neighbors to establish steam com-munication between the two. Manifold are the disasters which have attended this simple undertaking. Nearly every passen-ger who has entrusted himself to the river has a tale to tell of the boat being deposited on a sandbank, and of futile endeav-ors to get off, of fretting and fuming, usually ending in hail-ing a passing sajnpan and getting up to Ma-pu many hours be-hind time, tired, hungry, and disgusted. For the steam launches are only half powered for their work, the tTdes are strong, the river shallows often, and its sandbanks shift almost from tide to tide. Hence this natural highway is not much patronized by people who respect themselves, and all sorts of arrangements are made for getting up to the capital by "road." There is, properly speaking, no road, but the word serves. Mr. Gardner, the British acting Consul-General in Seoul, kindly arranged to escort me the 25 miles, and I went up in seven hours in a chair with six bearers, jolly fellows, who joked and laughed and raced the Consul's pony. Traffic has worn for itself a track, often indefinite, but usually straggling over and sterilizing a width enough for three or four highways, and often making a new departure to avoid deep mud holes. The mud is nearly bottomless. Bullock-carts owned by Chi-nese attempt the transit of goods, and two or three embedded in the mud till the spring showed with what success. Near Ma-pu all traffic has to cross a small plain of deep sand. Pack bulls, noble animals, and men are the carriers of goods. The redoubtable Korean pony was not to be seen. Foot passen-gers in dress hats and wadded white garments were fairly numerous.

The track lies through rolling country, well cultivated. There are only two or three villages on the road, but there are many, surrounded by fruit trees, in the folds of the adjacent low hills; stunted pines {Finns sinensis) abound, and often indicate places of burial. The hillsides are much taken up with graves. There are wooden sign or distant posts, with grotesque human faces upon them, chiefly that of Chang Sun, a traitor, whose misdemeanors were committed 1,000 years ago. The general aspect of the country is bare and monot-onous. Except for the orchards and the spindly pines, there is no wood. There is no beauty of form, nor any of those signs of exclusiveness, such as gates or walls, which give some-thing of dignity to a landscape. These were my first impres-sions. But I came to see on later journeys that even on that road th^re can be a beauty and fascination in the scenery when glorified and idealized by the unrivalled atmosphere of a Korean winter, which it is a delight even to recall, and that the situation of Seoul for a sort of weird picturesqueness com-pares favorably with that of almost any other capital, but its orientalism, a marked feature of which was its specially self-asserting dirt, is being fast improved off the face of the earth.

From the low pass known as the Gap, there is a view of the hills in the neighborhood of Seoul, and before reaching the Han these, glorified and exaggerated by an effect of atmos-phere, took on something of grandeur. Crossing the Han in a scow to which my chair accommodated itself more readily than Mr. Gardner's pony, and encountering ferry boats full of pack bulls bearing the night soil of the city to the country, we landed on the rough, steep, filthy, miry river bank, and were at once in the foul, narrow, slimy, rough street of Ma-pu, a twisted alley full of mean shops for the sale of native com-modities, of bulls carrying mountains of brushwood which nearly filled up the roadway ; and with a crowd, masculine solely, which swayed and loafed, and did nothing in particu-lar. Some quiet agricultural country, and some fine trees, a resemblance to the land of the Bakhtiari Lurs, in the fact of one man working a spade or shovel, while three others helped him to turn up the soil by an arrangement of ropes, then two chairs with bearers in blue uniforms, carrying Mrs. and Miss Gardner, accompanied by Bishop Corfe, Mr. M'Leavy Brown, the Chief Commissioner of Korean Customs, and Mr. Fox, the Assistant Consul, then the hovels and alleys became thick, and we were in extra-mural Seoul. A lofty wall, pierced by a deep double-roofed gateway, was passed, and ten minutes more of miserable alleys brought us to a breezy hill, crowned by the staring red brick buildings of the English Legation and Consular offices.

The Russian Legation has taken another and a higher, and its loftly tower and fine facade are the most conspicuous objects in the city, while a third is covered with buildings, some Korean and tasteful, but others in a painful style of architec-ture, a combination of the factory with the meeting-house, be-longing to the American Methodist Episcopal Mission, the American Presbyterians occupying a humbler position below. A hill on the other side of the town is dedicated to Japan, and so in every part of the city the foreigner, shut out till 1883, is making his presence felt, and is undermining that which is Korean in the Korean capital by the slow process of contact.

One of the most remarkable indications of tlie changes which is stealing over the Hermit City is tliat a nearly finished Roman Catholic Cathedral, of very large size, witli a clergy-house and orphanages, occupies one of the most prominent positions in Seoul. The King's father, the Tai-Won-Kun, still actively engaged in politics, is the man who, thirty years ago, persecuted the Roman Christians so cruelly and persist-ently as to raise up for Korea a " noble army of martyrs."

I know Seoul by day and night, its palaces and its slums, its unspeakable meanness and faded splendors, its purposeless crowds, its mediaeval processions, which for barbaric splendor cannot be matched on earth, the filth of its crowded alleys, and its pitiful attempt to retain its manners, customs, and identity as the capital of an ancient monarchy in face of the host of disintegrating influences which are at work, but it is not at first that one takes it in.." I had known it for a year before I appreciated it, or fully realized that it is entitled to be regarded as one of the great capitals of the world, with its supposed population of a quarter of a million, and that few capitals are more beautifully situated.^ One hundred and twenty feet above the sea, in Lat. 37° 34' N. and Long. 127° 6' E., mountain girdled, for the definite peaks and abrupt elevation of its hills give them the grandeur of mountains, though their highest summit, San-kak-San, has only an altitude of 2,627 feet, few cities can boast, as Seoul can, that tigers and leopards are shot within their walls ! Arid and forbid-ding these mountains look at times, their ridges broken up into black crags and pinnacles, ofttimes rising from among dis-torted pines, but there are evenings of purple glory, when every forbidding peak gleams like an amethyst with a pink translucency, and the shadows are cobalt and the sky is green and gold. Fair are the surroundings too in early spring, when a delicate green mist veils the hills, and their sides are flushed with the heliotrope azalea, and flame of plum, and blush of cherry, and tremulousness of peach blossom appear in un-expected quarters.

Looking down on this great city, which has the aspect of a lotus pond in November, or an expanse of overripe mushrooms, the eye naturally follows the course of the wall, which is discerned in most outlandish places, climbing Nam-San in one direction, and going clear over the crest of Puk-han in another, enclosing a piece of forest here, and a vacant plain there, descending into ravines, disappearing and reappearing when least expected.

I shrink from describing intra-mural Seoul. ^ I thought it the foulest city on earth till I saw Peking, and its smells the most odious, till I encountered those of Shao-shing ! For a great city and a capital its meanness is indescribable. Eti-quette forbids the erection of two-storied houses, consequently an estimated quarter of a million people are living on "the ground," chiefly in labyrinthine alleys, many of them not wide enough for two loaded bulls to pass, indeed barely wide enough for one man to pass a loaded bull, and further narrowed by a series of vile holes or green, slimy ditches, which receive the solid and liquid refuse of the houses, their foul and fetid margins being the favorite resort of half-naked children, be-grimed with dirt, and of big, mangy, blear-eyed dogs, which wallow in the slime or blink in the sun. There too the itin-erant vendor of "small wares," and candies dyed flaring colors with aniline dyes, establishes himself, puts a few planks across the ditch, and his goods, worth perhaps a dollar, thereon. But even Seoul has its " spring cleaning," and I en-countered on the sand plain of the Han, on the ferry, and on the road from Ma-pu to Seoul, innumerable bulls carrying pan-niers laden with the contents of the city ditches.

The houses abutting on these ditches are generally hovels with deep eaves and thatched roofs, presenting nothing to the street but a mud wall, with occasionally a small paper window just under the roof, indicating the men's quarters, and invari-ably, at a height varying from 2 to 3 feet above the ditch, a blackened smoke-hole, the vent for the smoke and heated air, which have done their duty in warming the floor of the house. All day long bulls laden with bruslnvood to a great height are entering the city, and at six o'clock this pine brush, preparing to do the cooking and warming for the population, fills every lane in Seoul with aromatic smoke, which hangs over it with remarkable punctuality. Even the superior houses, which have curved and tiled roofs, present nothing better to the street than this debased appearance.

The shops partake of the general meanness. Shops with a stock-in-trade which may be worth six dollars abound. It is easy to walk in Seoul without molestation, but any one stand-ing to look at anything attracts a great crowd, so that it is as well that there is nothing to look at. The shops have literally not a noteworthy feature. Their one characteristic is that they have none ! The best shops are near the Great Bell, be-side which formerly stood a stone with an inscription calling on all Koreans to put intruding foreigners to death. So small are they that all goods are within reach of the hand. In one of the three broad streets, there are double rows of removable booths, in which now and then a small box of Korean niello work, iron inlaid with silver, may be picked up. In these and others the principal commodities are white cottons, straw shoes, bamboo hats, coarse pottery, candlesticks, with draught screens, combs, glass beads, pipes, tobacco pouches, spittoons, horn-rimmed goggles, much worn by officials, paper of many kinds, wooden pillow-ends, decorated pillowcases, fans, ink-cases, huge wooden saddles with green leather flaps bossed with silver, laundry sticks, dried persimmons, loathsome candies dyed magenta, scarlet, and green, masses of dried seaweed and fungi, and ill-chosen collections of the most trumpery of foreign trash, such as sixpenny kerosene lamps, hand mirrors, tinsel vases, etc., the genius of bad taste presiding over all.

Plain brass dinner sets and other brass articles are made, and some mother-of-pearl inlaying in black lacquer from old designs is occasionally to be purchased, and embroideries in silk and gold thread, but the designs are ugly, and the color-ing atrocious. Foreigners have bestowed the name Cabinet Street on a street near the English Legation, given up to the making of bureaus and marriage chests. These, though not massive, look so, and are really handsome, some being of solid chestnut wood, others veneered with maple or peach, and bossed, strapped, and hinged with brass, besides being orna-mented with great brass hasps and brass padlocks 6 inches long. These, besides being thoroughly Korean, are distinctly decorative. There are few buyers, except in the early morn-ing, and shopping does not seem a pastime, partly because none but the poorest class of women can go out on foot by daylight.

In the booths are to be seen tobacco pipes, pipestems, and bowls, coarse glazed pottery, rice bowls, Japanese lucifer matches, aniline dyes, tobacco pouches, purses, flint and tinder pouches, rolls of oiled paper, tassels, silk cord, nuts of the edible pine, rice, millet, maize, peas, beans, string shoes, old crinoline hats, bamboo and reed hats in endless variety, and coarse native cotton, very narrow.

In this great human hive, the ordinary sightseer finds his vocation gone. The inhabitants constitute the sight" of Seoul. The great bronze bell, said to be the third largest in the world, is one of the few sights " usually seen by stran-gers. It hangs in a bell tower in the centre of the city, and bears the following inscription : —

" Sye Cho the Great, 12*^ year Man cha [year of the cycle] and moon, the 4'^ year of the great Ming Emperor Hsiian-hua [a.d. 1468], the head of the bureau of Royal despatches, Sye Ko chyeng, bearing the title Sa Ka Chyeng, had this pavilion erected and this bell hung."

This bell, whose dull heavy boom is heard in all parts of Seoul, has opened and closed the gates for five centuries.

The grand triple gateway of the Royal Palace with its double roof, the old audience hall in the Mulberry Gardens, and the decorative roofs of the gate towers, are all seen in an hour. There remains the Marble Pagoda, seven centuries old, so com-pletely hidden away in the back yard of a house in one of the foulest and narrowest alleys of the city, that many people never see it at all. As I was intent on photographing some of the reliefs upon it, I visited it five times, and each time with fresh admiration ; but so wedged in is it, that one can only get any kind of view of it by climbing on the top of a wall. Every part is carved, and the flat parts richly so, some of the tablets representing Hindu divinities, while others seem to portray the various stages of the soul's progress towards Nir-vana. The designs are undoubtedly Indian, modified by Chinese artists, and this thing of beauty stands on the site of a Buddhist monastery. It is a thirteen-storied pagoda, but three stories were taken off in the Japanese invasion three centuries ago, and placed on the ground uninjured. So they remained, but on my last visit children had defaced the ex-quisite carving, and were offering portions for sale. Not far off is another relic of antiquity, a decorated and inscribed tablet standing on the back of a granite turtle of prodigious size. Outside the west gate, on a plain near the Peking Pass, was a roofed and highly decorated arch of that form known as the pailow, and close by it a sort of palace hall, in which every new sovereign of Korea waited for the coming of a special envoy from Peking, whom he joined at the pailow, ac-companying him to the palace, where he received from him his investiture as sovereign.

On the slope of Nam San the white wooden buildings, sim-ple and unpretentious, of the Japanese Legation are situated, and below them a Japanese colony of nearly 5,000 persons, equipped with tea-houses, a theatre, and the various arrange-ments essential to Japanese well-being. There, in acute con-trast to everything Korean, are to be seen streets of shops and houses where cleanliness, daintiness, and thrift reign supreme, and unveiled women, and men in girdled dressing-gowns and clogs, move about as freely as in Japan. There also are to be seen minute soldiers or military police, and smart be-sworded officers, who change guard at due intervals ; nor are such pre-cautions needless, for the heredity of hate is strong in Korea, and on two occasions the members of this Legation have had to fight their way down to the sea. The Legation was occu-pied at the time of my first visit by Mr. Otori, an elderly man with pendulous white whiskers, who went much into the little society which Seoul boasts, talked nothings, and gave no promise of the rough vigor which he showed a few months later. There also are the Japanese bank and post office, both admirably managed.

The Chinese colony was in 1894 nearly as large, and dif-fered in no respect from such a colony anywhere else. The foreigners depend for many things on the Chinese shops, and as the Koreans like the Chinese, they do some trade with them also. The imposing element connected with China was the yamen of Yuan, the Minister Resident and representative of Korea's Suzerain, by many people regarded as ** the power behind the throne," who is reported to have gone more than once unbidden into the King's presence, and to have re-proached him with his conduct of affairs. Great courtyards and lofty gates on which are painted the usual guardian gods, and a brick dragon screen, seclude the palace in which Yuan lived with his guards and large retinue ; and the number of big, supercilious men, dressed in rich brocades and satins, who hung about both this Palace and the Consulate, impressed the Koreans with the power and stateliness within. The Americans were very severe on Yuan, but so far as I could learn his chief fault was that he let things alone, and neglected to use his unquestionably great power in favor of reform and common honesty — but he was a Chinese mandarin ! He possessed the power of life and death over Chinamen, and his punishments were often to our thinking barbarous, but the Chinese feared him so much that they treated the Koreans fairly well, which is more than can be said of the Japanese.

One of the <' sights" of Seoul is the stream or drain or watercourse, a wide, walled, open conduit, along which a dark-colored festering stream slowly drags its malodorous length, among manure and refuse heaps which cover up most of what was once its shingly bed. There, tired of crowds masculine solely, one may be refreshed by the sight of women of the poorest class, some ladling into pails the compound which passes for water, and others washing clothes in the fetid pools which pass for a stream. All wear one costume, which is peculiar to the capital, a green silk coat — a man's coat with the *' neck" put over the head and clutched below the eyes, and long wide sleeves falling from the ears. It is as well that the Korean woman is concealed, for she is not a houri. Wash-ing is her manifest destiny so long as her lord wears white. She washes in this foul river, in the pond of the Mulberry Palace, in every wet ditch, and outside the walls in the few streams which exist. Clothes are partially unpicked, boiled with ley three times, rolled into hard bundles, and pounded with heavy sticks on stones. After being dried they are beaten with wooden sticks on cylinders, till they attain a polish resembling dull satin. The women are slaves to the laundry, and the only sound which breaks the stillness of a Seoul night is the regular beat of their laundry sticks.

From the beautiful hill Nam-San, from the Lone Tree Hill, and from a hill above the old Mulberry Palace, Seoul is best seen, with its mountainous surroundings, here and there dark with pines, but mostly naked, falling down upon the city in black arid corrugations. These mountains enclose a valley about 5 miles long by 3 broad, into which 200,000 people are crammed and wedged. The city is a sea of low brown roofs, mostly of thatch, and all but monotonous, no trees and no open spaces. Rising out of this brown sea there are the curved double roofs of the gates, and the gray granite walls of the royal palaces, and within them the sweeping roofs of vari-ous audience halls. Cutting the city across by running from the east to the west gate is one broad street, another striking off from this runs to the south gate, and a third 60 yards wide runs from the great central artery to the palace. This is the only one which is kept clear of encumbrance at all times, the others being occupied by double rows of booths, leaving only a narrow space for traffic on either side. When I first looked down on Seoul early in March, one street along its whole length appeared to be still encumbered with the drift of the previous winter's snow. It was only by the aid of a glass that I discovered that this is the great promenade, and that the snowdrift was just the garments of the Koreans, whitened by ceaseless labor with the laundry sticks. In these three broad streets the moving crowd of men in white robes and black dress hats seldom flags. They seem destitute of any ob-ject. Many of them are of the yang-ban or noble class, to whom a rigid etiquette forbids any but official or tutorial occu-pation, and many of whom exist by hanging on to their more fortunate relatives. Young men of the middle class imitate their nonchalance and swinging gait.

There, too, are to be seen officials, superbly dressed, mounted on very fat but handsome ponies, with profuse manes and tails, the riders sitting uneasily on the tops of saddles with showy caparisonings a foot high, holding on to the saddle bow, two retainers leading the steed, and two more holding the rider in his place ; or officials in palanquins, with bearers at a run, amid large retinues. In the more plebeian streets nothing is to be seen but bulls carrying pine brush, strings of ponies loaded with salt or country produce, water-carriers with pails slung on a yoke, splashing their contents, and coolies carrying burdens on wooden pack saddles.

But in the narrower alleys, of which there are hundreds, further narrowed by the low deep eaves, and the vile ditches outside the houses, only two men can pass each other, and the noble red bull with his load of brushwood is rarely seen. Be-tween these miles of mud walls, deep eaves, green slimy ditches, and blackened smoke holes, few besides the male inhabitants and burden bearers are seen to move. They are the paradise of mangy dogs. Every house has a dog and a square hole through which he can just creep. He yelps furiously at a stranger, and runs away at the shaking of an umbrella. He was the sole scavenger of Seoul, and a very inefficient one. He is neither the friend nor companion of man. He is ignorant of Korean and every other spoken language. His bark at night announces peril from thieves. He is almost wild. When young he is killed and eaten in spring.

I have mentioned the women of the lower classes, who wash clothes and draw water in the daytime. Many of these were domestic slaves, and all are of the lowest class. Korean women are very rigidly secluded, perhaps more absolutely so than the women of any other nation. In the capital a very curious arrangement prevailed. About eight o'clock the great bell tolled a signal for men to retire into their houses, and for women to come out and amuse themselves, and visit their friends. The rule which clears the streets of men occasionally lapses, and then some incident occurs which causes it to be rigorously reenforced. So it was at the time of my arrival, and the pitch dark streets presented the singular spectacle of being tenanted solely by bodies of women with servants carry-ing lanterns. From its operation were exempted blind men, officials, foreigners' servants, and persons carrying prescrip-tions to the druggists'. These were often forged for the purpose of escape from durance vile, and a few people got long staffs and personated blind men. At twelve the bell again boomed, women retired, and men were at liberty to go abroad. A lady of high position told me that she had never seen the streets of Seoul by daylight.

The nocturnal silence is very impressive. There is no human hum, throb, or gurgle. The darkness too is absolute, as there are few if any lighted windows to the streets. Upon a silence which may be felt, the deep, penetrating boom of the great bell breaks with a sound which is almost ominous.

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Isabella Bird - Korea & Her Neighbours/Chapter I (First edition: UK, 1898year.)

Korea_and_Her_Neighbours1880 SeoulSeoulKorean

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Isabella Bird - Korea & Her Neighbours/Chapter I (First edition: UK, 1898year.)

Korea & Her Neighbours/Chapter I (First edition: UK, 1898year.) - Isabella Lucy Bird Bishop

Seoul of Joseon eraSeoul of Joseon era
IsabellaIsabella Bird

IT is but fifteen hours' steaming from the harbor of Nagasaki to Fusan in Southern Korea. The Island of Tsushima, where the Higo Maru calls, was, however, my last glimpse of Japan ; and its reddening maples and blossoming plums, its temple-crowned heights, its stately flights of stone stairs lead-ing to Shinto shrines in the woods, the blue-green masses of its pines, and the golden plumage of its bamboos, emphasized the effect produced by the brown, bare hills of Fusan, pleasant enough in summer, but grim and forbidding on a sunless Feb-ruary day. The Island of the Interrupted Shadow, Chol-yong-To, (Deer Island), high and grassy, on which the Jap-anese have established a coaling station and a quarantine hos-pital, shelters Fusan harbor.

It is not Korea but Japan which meets one on anchoring. The lighters are Japanese. An official of the Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Steamship Co.), to which the Higo Maru belongs, comes off with orders. The tide-waiter, however, is English — one of the English employes of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs, lent to Korea, greatly to her advantage, for the management of her customs' revenue. The foreign settle-ment of Fusan is dominated by a steep bluff with a Buddhist temple on the top, concealed by a number of fine cryptomeria, planted during the Japanese occupation in 1592. It is a fairly good-looking Japanese town, somewhat packed between the hills and the sea, with wide streets of Japanese shops and various Anglo-Japanese buildings, among which the Consulate and a Bank are the most important. It has substantial retaining and sea walls, and draining, lighting, and roadmaking have been carried out at the expense of the municipality. Since the war, waterworks have been constructed by a rate of loo cash levied on each house, and it is hoped that the present abundant supply of pure water will make an end of the fre-quent epidemics of cholera. Above the town, the new Jap-anese military cemetery, filling rapidly, is the prominent object.

Considering that the creation of a demand for foreign goods is not thirteen years old, it is amazing to find how the Koreans have taken to them, and that the foreign trade of Fusan has developed so rapidly that, while in 1885 the value of exports and imports combined only amounted to ;£7 7,850, in 1892 it had reached ^^346, 608. Unbleached shirtings, lawns, mus-lins, cambrics, and Turkey reds for children's wear have all captivated Korean fancy; but the conservatism of wadded cot-ton garments in winter does not yield to foreign woollens, of which the importation is literally nil. The most amazing stride is in the importation of American kerosene oil, which has reached 71,000 gallons in a quarter ; and which, by displacing the fish-oil lamp and the dismal rushlight in the paper lantern, is revolutionizing evening life in Korea. Matches, too, have *' caught on" wonderfully, and evidently have *'come to stay." Hides, beans, dried fish, beche de mevy rice, and whale's flesh are among the principal ex-ports. It was not till 1883 that Fusan was officially opened to general foreign trade, and its rise has been most remarkable. In that year its foreign population was 1,500; in 1897 it was 5,564.

In the first half of 1885 the Japan Mail Steamship Co. ran only one steamer, calling at Fusan, to Wladivostok every five weeks, and a small boat to Chemulpo, calling at Fusan, once a month. Now not a day passes without steamers, large or small, arriving at the port, and in addition to the fine vessels of the Nippon Ytisen Kaisha, running frequently between Kobe and Wladivostok, Shanghai and Wladivostok, Kobe and Tientsin, and between Kobe Chefoo, and Newchang, all call-ing at Fusan, three other lines, including one from Osaka di-rect, and a Russian mail line running between Shanghai and Wladivostok, make Fusan a port of call.

It appears that about one-third of the goods imported is car-ried inland on the backs of men and horses. The taxes levied and the delays at the barriers on both the overland and river routes are intolerable to traders, a hateful custom prevailing under which each station is controlled by some petty official, who, for a certain sum paid to the Government in Seoul, ob-tains permission to levy taxes on all goods. ^ The Nak-Tong River, the mouth of which is 7 miles from Fusan, is navigable for steamers drawing 5 feet of water as far as Miriang, 50 miles up, and for junks drawing 4 feet as far as Sa-mun, 100 miles farther, from which point their cargoes, transhipped into light draught boats, can ascend to Sang-chin, 170 miles from the coast. With this available waterway, and a hazy prospect that the much disputed Seoul-Fusan railway may become an accom-plished fact, Fusan bids fair to become an important centre of commerce, as the Kyong-sang Province, said to be the most populous of the eight (now for administrative purposes thirteen), is also said to be the most prosperous and fruitful, with the possible exception of Chul-la.

Barren as the neighboring hills look, they are probably rich in minerals. Gold is found in several places within a radius of 50 miles, copper quite near, and there are coal fields within 100 miles.

To all intents and purposes the settlement of Fusan is Jap-anese. In addition to the Japanese population of 5,508, there is a floating population of 8,000 Japanese fishermen. A Japanese Consul-General lives in a fine European house. Bank-ing facilities are furnished by the Dai Ichi Gingo of Tokio, and the post and telegraph services are also Japanese. Japa-nese too is the cleanliness of the settlement, and the introduc-tion of industries unknown to Korea, such as rice husking and cleaning by machinery, whale-fishing, sake-making, and the preparation of shark's fins, deche de mer, and fish manure, the latter an unsavory fertilizer, of which enormous quantities are exported to Japan.

But the reader asks impatiently, Where are the Koreans? I don't want to read about the Japanese ! " Nor do I want to write about them, but facts are stubborn, and they are the out-standing Fusan fact.

As seen from the deck of the steamer, a narrow up and down path keeping at some height above the sea skirts the hillside for 3 miles from Fusan, passing by a small Chinese settlement with official buildings, uninhabited when I last saw them, and terminating in the walled town of Fusan proper, with a fort of very great antiquity outside it, modernized by the Japanese after the engineering notions of three centuries ago.

Seated on the rocks along the shore were white objects re-sembling pelicans or penguins, but as white objects with the gait of men moved in endless procession to and fro between old and new Fusan, I assumed that the seated objects were of the same species. The Korean makes upon one the impres-sion of novelty, and while resembling neither the Chinese nor the Japanese, he is much better-looking than either, and his phy-sique is far finer than that of the latter. Though his average height is only 5 feet 4^ inches, his white dress, which is vo-luminous, makes him look taller, and his high-crowned hat, without which he is never seen, taller still. The men were in winter dress — white cotton sleeved robes, huge trousers, and socks; all wadded. On their heads were black silk wadded caps with pendant sides edged with black fur, and on the top of these, rather high-crowned, somewhat broad-brimmed hats of black crinoUne" or horsehair gauze, tied under the chin with crinoline ribbon. The general effect was grotesque. There were a few children on the path, bundles of gay cloth-ing, but no women.

I was accompanied to old Fusan by a charming English ≪*Una," who, speaking Korean almost like a native, moved serenely through the market-day crowds, welcomed by all.
A miserable place I thought it, and later experience showed that it was neither more nor less miserable than the general run of Korean towns. Its narrow dirty streets consist of low hovels built of mud-smeared wattle without windows, straw roofs, and deep eaves, a black smoke hole in every wall 2 feet from the ground, and outside most are irregular ditches containing solid and liquid refuse. Mangy dogs and blear-eyed children, half or wholly naked, and scaly with dirt, roll in the deep dust or slime, or pant and blink in the sun, apparently unaffected by the stenches which abound. But market day hid much that is repulsive. Along the whole length of the narrow, dusty, crooked street, the wares were laid out on mats on the ground, a man or an old woman, bundled up in dirty white cotton, guarding each. And the sound of bargaining rose high, and much breath was spent on beating down prices, which did not amount originally to the tenth part of a farthing. The goods gave an impression of poor buyers and small trade. Short lengths of coarse white cotton, skeins of cotton, straw shoes, wooden combs, tobacco pipes and pouches, dried fish and sea-weed, cord for girdles, paper rough and smooth, and barley-sugar nearly black, were the contents of the mats. I am sure that the most valuable stock-in-trade there was not worth more than three dollars. Each vendor had a small heap of cash beside him, an uncouth bronze coin with a square hole in the centre, of which at that time 3,200 iwviinally went to the dollar, and which greatly trammelled and crippled Korean trade..
A market is held in Fusan and in many other places every fifth day. On these the country people rely for all which they do not produce, as well as for the sale or barter of their pro-ductions. Practically there are no shops in the villages and small towns, their needs being supplied on stated days by travelling pedlars who form a very influential guild.

Turning away from the bustle of the main street into a nar-row, dirty alley, and then into a native compound, I found the three Australian ladies who were the objects of my visit to this decayed and miserable town. Except that the compound was clean, it was in no way distinguishable from any other, being surrounded by mud hovels. In one of these, exposed to the full force of the southern sun, these ladies were living. The mud walls were concealed with paper, and photographs and other European knickknacks conferred a look of refinement. But not only were the rooms so low that one of the ladies could not stand upright in them, but privacy was impossible, invasions of Korean women and children succeeding each other from morning to night, so that even dressing was a spectacle for the curious. Friends urged these ladies not to take this step of living in a Korean town 3 miles from Euro-peans. It was represented that it was not safe, and that their health would suffer from the heat and fetid odors of the crowded neighborhood, etc. In truth it was not a ** conven-tional thing " to do.

On my first visit I found them well and happy. Small chil-dren were clinging to their skirts, and a certain number of women had been induced to become cleanly in their persons and habits. All the neighbors were friendly, and rude re-marks in the streets had altogether ceased. Many of the women resorted to them for medical help, and the simple aid they gave brought them much good-will. This friendly and civilizing influence was the result of a year of living under very detestable circumstances. If they had dwelt in grand houses 2^ miles off upon the hill, it is safe to say that the result would have been nil. Without any fuss or blowing of trumpets, they quietly helped to solve one of the great prob-lems as to " Missionary Methods," though why it should be a *' problem " I fail to see. In the East at least, every religious teacher who has led the people has lived among them, know-ing if not sharing their daily lives, and has been easily acces-sible at all times. It is not easy to imagine a Buddha or One greater than Buddha only reached by favor of, and possibly by feeing, a gate-keeper or servant.

On visiting them a year later I found them still well and happy. The excitement among the Koreans consequent on the Tong-hak rebellion and the war had left them unmolested. A Japanese regiment had encamped close to them, and, by permission, had drawn water from the well in their compound, and had shown them nothing but courtesy. Having in two years gained general confidence and good-will, they built a small bungalow just above the old native house, which has been turned into a very primitive orphanage.

The people were friendly and kind from the first. Those who were the earliest friends of the ladies are their staunchest friends now, and they knew them and their aims so well when they moved into their new house that it made no difference at all. Some go there to see the ladies, others to see the furni-ture or hear the organ, and a few to inquire about the '* Jesus doctrine." The "mission work" now consists of daily meet-ings for worship, classes for applicants for baptism, classes at night for those women who may not come out in the daytime, a Sunday school with an attendance of eighty, visiting among the people, and giving instruction in the country and surround-ing villages. About forty adults have professed Christianity, and regularly attend Christian worship.

I mention these facts not for the purpose of glorifying these ladies, who are simply doing their duty, but because they fall in with a theory of my own as to methods of mission work.

There is a very small Roman Catholic mission-house, seldom tenanted, between the two Fusans. In the province of Kyong-sang in which they are, there are Roman missions which claim 2,000 converts, and to promulgate Christianity in thirty towns and villages. There are two foreign priests, who spend most of the year in teaching in the provincial villages, living in Korean huts, in Korean fashion, on Korean food.

A coarse ocean with a distinct line of demarcation between the blue water of the Sea of Japan and the discoloration of the Yellow Sea, harsh, grim, rocky, brown islands, mostly unin-habited — two monotonously disagreeable days, more islands, muddier water, an estuary and junks, and on the third after-noon from Fusan the Higo Maru anchored in the roadstead of Chemulpo, the seaport of Seoul. This cannot pretend to be a harbor, indeed most of the roadstead, such as it is, is a slimy mud flat for much of the day, the tide rising and falling 36 feet. The anchorage, a narrow channel in the shallows, can accommodate five vessels of moderate size. Yet though the mud was eji evidence^ and the low hill behind the town was dull brown, and a drizzling rain was falling, I liked the look of Chemulpo better than I expected, and after becoming ac-quainted with it in various seasons and circumstances, I came to regard it with very friendly feelings. As seen from the roadstead, it is a collection of mean houses, mostly of wood, painted white, built along the edge of the sea and straggling up a verdureless hill, the whole extending for more than a mile from a low point on which are a few trees, crowned by the English Vice-Consulate, a comfortless and unworthy build-ing, to a hill on which are a large decorative Japanese tea-house, a garden, and a Shinto shrine. Salient features there are none, unless the house of a German merchant, an English church, the humble buildings of Bishop Corfe's mission on the hill, the large Japanese Consulate, and some new municipal buildings on a slope, may be considered such. As at Fusan, an English tide-waiter boarded the ship, and a foreign harbormaster berthed her, while a Japanese clerk gave the captain his orders.

Mr. Wilkinson, the acting British Vice-Consul, came off for me, and entertained me then and on two subsequent occasions with great hospitality, but as the Vice-Consailate had at that time no guest-room, I slept at a Chinese inn, known as ** Steward's," kept by Itai, an honest and helpful man who does all he can to make his guests comfortable, and partially succeeds. This inn is at the corner of the main street of the Chinese quarter, in a very lively position, as it also looks down the main street of the Japanese settlement. The Chinese set-tlement is solid, with a hsuidsome y amen and guild hall, and rows of thriving and substantial shops. Busy and noisy with the continual letting off of crackers and beating of drums and gongs, the Chinese were obviously far ahead of the Japanese in trade. They had nearly a monopoly of the foreign '* cus-tom " ; their large "houses" in Chemulpo had branches in Seoul, and if there were any foreign requirement which they could not meet, they procured the article from Shanghai with-out loss of time. The haulage of freight to Seoul was in their hands, and the market gardening, and much besides. Late into the night they were at work, and they used the roadway for drying hides and storing kerosene tins and packing cases. Scarcely did the noise of night cease when the din of morning began. To these hard-working and money-making people rest seemed a superfluity.

The Japanese settlement is far more populous, extensive, and pretentious. Their Consulate is imposing enough for a legation. They have several streets of small shops, which supply the needs chiefly of people of their own nationality, for foreigners patronize Ah Wong and Itai, and the Koreans, who hate the Japanese with a hatred three centuries old, also deal chiefly with the Chinese. But though the Japanese were out-stripped in trade by the Chinese, their position in Korea, even before the war, was an influential one. They gave " postal facilities" between the treaty ports and Seoul and carried the foreign mails, and they established branches of the First Na-tional Bank ' in the capital and treaty ports, with which the resident foreigners have for years transacted their business, and in which they have full confidence. I lost no time in opening an account with this Bank in Chemulpo, receiving an English check-book and pass-book, and on all occasions courtesy and all needed help. Partly owing to the fact that English cot-tons for Korea are made in bales too big for the Lilliputian Korean pony, involving reduction to more manageable dimen-sions on being landed, and partly to causes which obtain else-where, the Japanese are so successfully pushing their cottons in Korea, that while they constituted only 3 per cent, of the imports in 1887, they had risen to something like 40 per cent, in 1894.^ There is a rapidly growing demand for yarn to be woven on native looms. The Japanese are well to the front with steam and sailing tonnage. Of 198 steamers entered in-wards in 1893, 132 were Japanese; and out of 325 sailing vessels, 232 were Japanese. It is on record that an English merchantman was once seen in Chemulpo roads, but actually the British mercantile flag, unless on a chartered steamer, is not known in Korean waters. Nor was there in 1894 an English merchant in the Korean treaty ports, or an English house of business, large or small, in Korea.

Just then rice was in the ascendant. Japan by means of pressure had induced the Korean Government to consent to suspend the decree forbidding its export, and on a certain date the sluices were to be opened. Stacks of rice bags covered the beach, rice in bulk being measured into bags was piled on mats in the roadways, ponies and coolies rice-laden filed in strings down the streets, while in the roadstead a num-ber of Japanese steamers and junks awaited the taking off the embargo at midnight on 6th March. A regular rice babel prevailed in the town and on the beach, and much disaffection prevailed among the Koreans at the rise in the price of their staple article of diet. Japanese agents scoured the whole country for rice, and every cattie of it which could be spared from consumption was bought in preparation for the war of wdiich no one in Korea dreamed at that time. The rice bustle gave Chemulpo an appearance of a thriving trade which it is not wont to have except in the Chinese settlement. Its foreign population in 1897 was 4,357.

The reader may wonder where the Koreans are at Che-mulpo, and in truth 1 had almost forgotten them, for they are of little account. The increasing native town lies outside the Japanese settlement on the Seoul road, clustering round the base of the hill on which the English church stands, and scrambling up it, mud hovels planting themselves on every ledge, attained by filthy alleys, swarming with quiet dirty children, who look on the high-road to emulate the do-less Jiess of their fathers. Korean, too, is the official yamen at the top of the hill, and Korean its methods of punishment, its brutal flagellations by yameii runners, its beating of criminals to death, their howls of anguish penetrating the rooms of the ad-jacent English mission, and Korean too are the bribery and corruption which make it and nearly every yame?i sinks of in-iquity. The gate with its double curved roofs and drum chamber over the gateway remind the stranger that though the capital and energy of Chemulpo are foreign, the government is native. Not Korean is the abode of mercy on the other side of the road from the yamen, the hospital connected with Bishop Corfe's mission, where in a small Korean building the sick are received, tended, and generally cured by Dr. Landis, who himself lives as a Korean in rooms 8 feet by 6, studying, writing, eating, without chair or table, and accessible at all times to all comers. The 6,700 inhabitants of the Korean town, or rather the male half of them, are always on the move. The narrow roads are always full of them, sauntering along in their dress bats, not apparently doing anything. It is old Fusan over again, except that there are permanent shops, with stocks-in-trade worth from one to twenty dollars; and as an hour is easily spent over a transaction involving a few cash, there is an appearance of business kept up. In the settlement the Koreans work as porters and carry preposterous weights on their wooden packsaddles.

Korea & Her Neighbours/Chapter I
Isabella Bird - Korea & Her Neighbours/Chapter II (First edition: UK, 1898year.)

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I used the sentence of the first edition for an author with respect.
※In addition, please warn because the imitation of the this book(Korea & Her Neighbours) is sold. Since the book of the imitation is altering by tampering the text without permission of the first edition, it completely differs from the contents of the first edition. (the thing which Korea translated and the thing which Korea reprinted).
Large tampering of the sentences is an act not to respect the intention of the author.

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South Korea Food Culture, eat dogsSouth Korea Food Culture, eat dogs

The tendency that a current Korean hygiene idea is very low is caused by South Korea and a North Korean original property(Concealment of the true history, The terrible information control and speech blockade, Educate of forgery history).

Every countries learn more from the past and continue spinning the history through the history. The nation takes measures in reference to the knowledge that got from the history such as damage by the food situation and the environment.
But in the South Korean school, "Yi dynasty(李王朝) and old Korea noble(両班/Yangban) had abandoned a politics and forsook private citizen" does not teach that it was a severe state in old days.
Because South Korea continues concealing history, for it, does not carry out improvement in knowledge which utilized the history.

Hygienic conditions - True history of the Korean Peninsula - Digest

The custom of eating the meat of dog and cat was transmitted from ancient China. The "eating-dog-meat" food culture of Chinese history exists from a long long time ago, and the bone of the dog is excavated in large quantities from the "remains of Chinese Neolithic". (this is because people bred a dog for food in large quantities.)

In ancient times, Joseon Peninsula(旧朝鮮半島/Old Korea Peninsula) was a part of the Ancient China(古代中国), such on Han Dynasty(漢) etc. (Mongolian and Ancient Japan are temporarily reigning over the Joseon Peninsula in Ear on the overflowing of war.)

Ancient Joseon Peninsula, was dotted with small tribe and the fled people from Ancient China.

The beginning of civilization:Ancient Chinese people was maintain the law and technology on the Joseon, and was allowed to establish as mechanism of the towns.=Gija Joseon(箕子朝鮮),Wiman Joseon(衛氏朝鮮),Four Commanderies of Han(漢四郡)

There was a long time ago, Silla(新羅), Baekje(百済), Goguryeo(高句麗), Goryeo dynasty(高麗王朝), there is no connection between the gene of current Koreans. The current Korea race, starting from Joseon dynasty(李氏朝鮮).
 ※South Korea which does not know the history calls "Chosun age/era(朝鮮時代)" about Joseon dynasty era(李氏朝鮮時代/Li-regimed Korea Era). In addition, liar South Korea says "Chosun dynasty(朝鮮王朝)", about Yi Dynasty(李王朝).

Old Korea's Joseon dynasty did not take over the DNA and folk custom and cultural form etc. from the mainstream race of the ancient Korean Peninsula. Korea's Joseon dynasty did not do raising knowledge, a literacy person's existence is only 30 percent of peninsular population. The most them of 30 percent did not understand the Korean alphabet, the mainstream language was Chinese.

The Joseon Dynasty(李氏朝鮮/Old Korea) had donated many women to China while the Joseon Dynasty handling a private citizen as a slave, and plundering the food of private citizen. And, the Old Korean Royal Family(Yi Dynasty/李王朝/李氏朝鮮) and the aristocrat(両班/Yangban) of Joseon Dynasty were living by the "Bribe to Chinese" & "Rebate from Chinese".

After the Sino-Japanese War(日清戦争後). - Japan released Joseon(Old Korea/旧朝鮮), China promised to Japan about it that will stop the tribute act to vivid China in the Shimonoseki Treaty.


■Land environment situation

Although the ancient Chinese local administration mechanism "Four Commanderies of Han(漢四郡)" existed in the Joseon Peninsula from 107 B.C. to around 404 A.D., Four Commanderies of Han was rapidly reduced for cost reduction and the rest has been converted to Goguryeo.

Beyond the era - Hideyoshi Toyotomi(豊臣秀吉)
From April, 1592 A.D. to July, 1593 A.D. - After that, truce.
Rematch - From January, 1597 A.D. to December, 1598 A.D.
Also, for the reason of the withdrawal of the Japanese Hideyoshi Toyotomi forces from the Joseon Peninsula, ran out of funds during planting of the land development of the Joseon Peninsula. Although it was officially the cease-fire by the death of Hideyoshi, in actual, fact spent quite a budget on the attack to Ming-army(明-軍/China) and in addition the budget was actually used for peninsular land development too much.

The Ancient Joseon Peninsula, from movement of Ancient China can understand that a tendency of the civilization development was thin before A.D. Ancient China starting reclamation in earnest. There was not the superior building, and a Chinese made the Ancient town of the Ancient Joseon Peninsula. The Joseon land where has low productivity although Ancient China considerably spent a budget. Ancient China stopped expensive direct rule and let Ancient Joseon pay a tribute as a subordinate country.

The severity of the degree of roughness of the ancient land of the Joseon Peninsula... land pollution due to yellow sand is probably part of the cause. Crops and water, has been changed to poison many times by the poison of yellow sand.

Without also developing agriculture on late Joseon Dynasty, land was still dead. It is because Joseon peninsula people did not have technical progress in the Joseon Peninsula. Because Yi Dynasty and Yangban abandoned politics, the technology development was completely stagnated and lost its power.

Yi Dynasty of Joseon Dynasty Era survived until 1910 from the year 1392. them very very lazy dynasty... Yi Dynasty, abandoned the livelihood infrastructure of the civilian.

Reported by a French missionary lived in the Joseon Peninsula of Joseon Dynasty.

"The town is scattered garbage, and sewage overflow. Therefore it is very stinking. And, aristocrat also uncleanliness.
There is no better buildings.
Technology is primitive."

Before Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula.
The Joseon dynasty.

Image on the - "Seoul" before Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. Image below - "Seoul" in the Japanese annexation Era.
Image on the‘Seoul’before Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. Image below‘Seoul’in the Japanese annexation Era.

Before Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. The Joseon dynasty
Before Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. The Joseon dynastyBefore Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. The Joseon dynastyBefore Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. The Joseon dynasty
Before Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. The Joseon dynastyBefore Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula. The Joseon dynasty
The Joseon dynasty. Chima jeogori(チマチョゴリ) & people of the Old Korean peninsula
The Joseon dynasty. People of the Old Korean peninsula
The Joseon dynasty. Chima jeogori & people of the Old Korean peninsulaThe Joseon dynasty. Chima jeogori & people of the Old Korean peninsulaThe Joseon dynasty. Chima jeogori & people of the Old Korean peninsula

Old Korea Aristocracy(Yangban) and Old Korea royalty(Joseon Dynasty).
Old Korea Aristocracy(Yangban) and Old Korea royalty(Joseon Dynasty)Old Korea Aristocracy(Yangban) and Old Korea royalty(Joseon Dynasty)


■Deep involvement in South Korea and human excreta

Further added, Joseon dynasty Medical technology, was determine the physical condition of human, by licking the human feces(嘗糞). Joseon dynasty Medical care was a very wild.(Before Japan's annexation of the Korean Peninsula/Until about 100 years ago.)

In addition, there is also a medicinal liquor called "Ttongsul(トンスル)", as good for health. [Ttongsul = stool liquor] is made soak feces of humans or dogs or chicken.

Although it seems that the Korean Peninsula was greatly utilizing excrement, it was ignorant to coliform bacillus, a parasite, etc., and its hygienic concept was underdeveloped.
Put a feces of dog baked or a human feces to liquor...drink it...

In addition, in Joseon dynasty Era because it was used as a [Therapeutic medication = human feces], depending on the symptoms of the disease, is likely to make eat many of human feces as it is to the sick person...
And In the Joseon Peninsula, there was a custom which gives feed human feces to a breeding of an edible dog.
In Korea, [licking the human feces(嘗糞)] & [Ttongsul(トンスル) = feces liquor(うんこ酒)]
In Korea,‘Health diagnosis - licking human feces’, it introduced from ancient ChinaIn Korea, "Health diagnosis - licking human feces(嘗糞)", it introduced from ancient China

In Korea, licking the human feces(嘗糞) and Ttongsul(トンスル・feces liquor・うんこ酒In Korea, licking the human feces(嘗糞) and Ttongsul(トンスル・feces liquor・うんこ酒
In Korea, licking the human feces(嘗糞) and Ttongsul(トンスル・feces liquor・うんこ酒In Korea, licking the human feces(嘗糞) and Ttongsul(トンスル・feces liquor・うんこ酒


■Attitude of modern South Korea

In modern S-Korea(South Korea) also, country is covered with human feces urine in the state that knowledge such as Escherichia coli etc. is lacking. The contamination issue of S-Korea by human's feces-urine diffusion is serious.

If a country is awfully poor the similarly as Old Korean Peninsula, and the government is terribly inhumane like "Yi dynasty of Joseon & Joseon Yangban" and people are hungry... To eat wild dogs and feral cats it can't be helped. And also, it is unavoidable that is insanitary that the country where is in such a state is covered with Escherichia coli and is the extreme.
But, now current interacts with various countries, progress has been made in the medical and food. .... Such era, what do you think how giving and murdering pain intentionally to a dog or a cat specially?
S-Korea's attitude and hygiene management is too sloppy, it don't think civilized nation.

"The country which loves a dog and a cat very much" and "many countries which treat a dog and a cat carefully like a family". In recent years, S-Korea got to know it by communication with a foreign country. But, S-Koreans are trying to promote Dog meat & Cat meat, for the people of the country which loves a dog and a cat. The incident which camouflaged Dog meat/Cat meat and exporting to the foreign country is also too irrational.

In Korea, are abnormally much impersonation and lying, forgery, false evidence, perjury exist, and these are big problems.

For example, "Korean Kimchi". In fact ...
Evils of excessive use capsaicin.
 ・Easy to damage the stomach
 ・Easy to give trouble to the brain
 ・To promote cancer

※Reported from South Korea - Very high incidence of gastric and intestinal cancer in ROK(Republic of Korea), and, in ROK, people suffering from mental disease is the fact that 70% of the population.

The problem of Korean kimchi not only is ingredient. As the other problem, Korean kimchi's that extremely unhygienic food.

Korean kimchi is a very harmful, and dangerous health hazard food. However, S-Korea has large promote a lie to say that is "health food Korean Kimchi".

South Korea is sanitation concept scarcity, It's the problem also big

South Korea has quite a few unhygienic cases. remain maintain the "disease or E. coli or parasite or roundworm of the animals and plants" in South Korea, it is processed into the food for human.

Roundworm of the dog or cat in Korean kimchi.
Parasite in Korean kimchi.
A lot Escherichia coli in Korean kimchi.
A lot Escherichia coli in Korean seafood.
Escherichia coli of large amount in alcohol liquor(Makgeolli/マッコリ).
Food poisoning bacteria & E. coli of more than the reference value. = Korean Cold Noodles and Korean Kongukusu(cold noodles of soy milk), Korean sushi, Korean rolled sushi, Korean bento.
Escherichia coli from drinking water.
Dog meat soup made with rabid dogs.

In S-Korea(South Korea), the roundworm of a dog and the cat is mixed with cooked kimchi frequently. Thought that it is a S-Korean cause to sow the feces of a dog and the cat in the farmland, however S-Korea does not consider that a dog and the cat maintain many intestinal parasites.
Korean kimchi is a mixture of roundworms in dogs and cats
Korean kimchi is a mixture of roundworms in dogs and catsKorean kimchi is a mixture of roundworms in dogs and cats


The ROK(Republic of Korea) government orders - the anthelmintic administration duty of national people. When "Anthelmintic duty" is necessary, ROK government should notice the position in inferior hygiene of S-Korea.
However, the use of the S-Korean budget strange.

In ROK, the purpose organization of "propaganda & spreading of S-KOREA to the World" exists it. They organization are engaged in the imitative deception and false evidence and them compulsion propulsion force while instigating Korean people.
"・Phony History of made in delusion by S-Korea,
・S-Korean Culture,
・S-Korean Products,
・S-Korean Food,
・S-Korean Entertainment,"
forcibly forced these, also to foreign countries.

S-Korea does not keep the improvement in a product in mind and does not respect the history and culture of a foreign country. Always Stupid liar Korea are forcing the defective unit and fake history of its own country to the others.

For the History Distortion and Concealment, S-Korea has spent a large amount of budget. "Korean wave(Hallyu/韓流) and K-food and K-POP, In the world does not have demand", But the S-Korea, forcibly the Hallyu/K-food/KPOP to push into buck to the world. Therefore, S-Korea has spent a large amount of budget.
Due to these, S-Korea has huge deficits. It is foolish.

Same as uncivilized country Joseon Dynasty Era of old, North-South Korea is not focused on Livelihood infrastructure of civilian.
S-Korea does not pay one's respects to the ingredients.
S-Korea do not care also to human's food.

Vegetables, fruit, grain, meat, and a fish are eaten... We the human beings obtain various "life of existence" and are alive.

We must possess the mind of gratitude to given various "life of the organism", and, the civilized person must not forget to place importance on foodstuff.

South Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of Korea
South Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of KoreaSouth Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of Korea
South Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of Korea
South Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of KoreaSouth Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of Korea
South Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of Korea

Opposite the dog meat festival
South Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of KoreaSouth Korean eat dogs. Handling of the dog by the Republic of Korea

South Korean eat cats. Handling of the cat by the Republic of Korea
South Korean eat cats. Handling of the cat by the Republic of Korea

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国際動物保護団体「韓国は犬肉や猫肉を食べるのやめろ」 韓国人「何で?お前ら豚や鳥を食べないの?」


竹筒に入れた糞尿を発射する「糞砲」 人糞を濾して1年掛けて腐らせた「金汁」 韓国の伝統的兵器



日帝時代は幸せだった 朝鮮歴史館


【韓流】韓国グルメ紹介 韓国食品の代表格は韓国産キムチ。韓国の衛生管理の凄さ【大韓民国】

South Korea is very unsanitary. Korean food is full of harmful food!

不衛生韓国 - 延々と続く農心の有害食品(今度は発がん性食品ノグリラーメン)。何度も繰り返し毒物を流出させるのは悪質極まりなく、バイオテロ相当 - 韓国食品

Japanese translation articles

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Anti-Japan cult-national = Rotten South Korea/非衛生韓国情報/
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